The theological doctrine that the Incarnate Christ had one (mono) nature (physis), a divine one. This was condemned at the Council of Chalcedon (q.v.) in 451, where the diophysite doctrine of two natures, one fully human and one fully divine, perfectly united in Christ, was proclaimed as Orthodoxy. Monophysitism can be seen as a reaction to Nestorianism (q.v.), developed by Eutyches and Dioskoros (qq.v.), followers of Cyril of Alexandria (q.v.). It was a reaction that expressed the rivalry between the bishoprics of Alexandria and Constantinople (qq.v.), as well as the genuine difficulty of understanding the relationship of the human to the divine in Christ. The decision at Chalcedon did not persuade either the Monophysites of Syria (q.v.) (later called Jacobites [q.v.]), or those of Egypt (q.v.), where a Coptic (q.v.) church developed.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Monophysitism — Part of a series on Eastern Christianity …   Wikipedia

  • monophysitism —    This word (from the Greek monos, meaning single, and physis, meaning nature, ) refers to the position that Christ has only a single divine nature. Monophysitism was rejected by the Council of Chalcedon (451) that taught that Christ had a human …   Glossary of theological terms

  • Monophysitism — noun see Monophysite …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Monophysitism — See Monophysitic. * * * …   Universalium

  • monophysitism — noun A Christian believe which holds that the human nature of Jesus Christ was essentially absorbed by the divine, and thus that he essentially had but one nature, contrary to the orthodox view that Christ has two natures, both fully human and… …   Wiktionary

  • MONOPHYSITISM —    a development of CHRISTOLOGY which taught that in CHRIST there was one divine NATURE as opposed to the ORTHODOX view that Christ was both human and divine. The teaching was condemned at the COUNCIL OF CHALCEDON but flourished in Coptic, Syrian …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • monophysitism — belief that Christ was primarily divine but in human form Ecclesiastical Terms Philosophical Isms …   Phrontistery dictionary

  • Monophysitism —    The belief that in the person of Jesus Christ there was but one divine nature and that he was not fully human …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • monophysitism — mo·noph·y·sit·ism …   English syllables

  • Monophysitism —  Монофизитство …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

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